By: Mark J. Jones
Definite Article Reduction (DAR) involves vowel-less forms of the definite article, usually a ‘glottal stop’ [ʔ], and is found across large parts of northern England. The present acoustic analysis of DAR investigates the acoustic correlates of the glottal form of DAR in the context high vowel + /s/. However, the glottal stop is also the realisation of a word-final /t/ before a following consonantal onset.
A second part of the experiment investigates whether there are production differences between the two kinds of glottal stop – one a realisation of the definite article preceded and followed by a morpheme boundary, and one a realisation of word-final /t/ followed by a morpheme boundary. The results show that speakers do distinguish the two sequences in production, but the effects are subtle and highly variable, both within and across speakers.Download full article (pdf), File Download